How Authors Can Find Their Ideal Reading Audience

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Today’s guest post, from writing coach and author Angela Ackerman (@angelaackerman), discusses techniques for identifying and connecting with your target reading audience.

Today’s writers have never had a more global reach; ebooks and digital distribution have made it easier for authors to find readers in other countries as well as their own.

Of course, the potential of a global readership only matters if an author knows how to access it, and this is where many marketing plans fall short. Given the endless buffet of books to choose from, it can be hard to get a book the attention it needs.

The Benefits of Fishing with a Smaller Net

It can be tempting for an author to rig a marketing freighter with big nets and start trawling for a readership. But your goal is not to seek out any old catch you can. To get the most out of your marketing efforts, you want to attract a specific type of reader suited to your book. This means you need to know who they are and where they hang out.

To Answer the Who, We Need the What

When it comes to understanding which readers are most likely to enjoy your book, you first need to look at what makes your book special, and this means thinking beyond genre, which is simply a guidepost to a readership. You must answer this question:

What makes my novel stand out from all others like it?

Let’s look at an example. The romance genre is by far the biggest. Yet, a reader of a steamy romance featuring a modern-day female pirate captain may not be as interested in a romance between an dog breeder and animal rescue worker who meet on the show dog circuit.

But you know who would read that romance? People who love dogs. Dogs, show dogs, the world of professional dog breeding—these are the unique elements that will attract a specific type of romance reader to this book. Once you understand the what, you know the who.

Authors tend to suffer book blindness when it comes to our own work. It can be difficult to see what sets your novel apart. If that special quality seems elusive, outsource and ask a few readers what really stood out to them as they read. Or, figure it out on your own. Here are a few ideas on what form this unique element might take:

  • A theme or cause that commands attention: PTSD among war veterans, the tipping point of pollution and waste, terrorism on home soil, homelessness, cyber-bullying
  • An area of interest: boating, falconry, ghost-hunting, ranching life, UFO sightings, tango dancing, life during WWII
  • An intriguing character talent or skill: martial arts, empath abilities, archery, songwriting, eidetic memory, mentalism
  • A specific passion or hobby: nonprofit work, sustainable living, medieval live-action role-play, coin collecting
  • A stand-out element or concept: ciphers and code-breaking involved in a murder mystery, a rash of out-of-body death experiences taking place in a small town, a cult that practices cannibalism

Another clue to this special element is your research for the book. What information did you need? What websites are in your bookmarks? Or, what personal knowledge do you have that made research unnecessary? Often the special element is something you have a personal interest in, which is why you chose to include it into your story.

The Next Question Is Where

Once you know the types of people suited to your book based on a standout element, you need to figure out how to find them and which people are influential with this particular audience (businesses, bloggers, other authors, and organizations, to name a few). Ask yourself:

  • What groups or organizations are involved in this special area?
  • What businesses tie into this element?
  • What blogs exist that tackle this interest or idea?
  • Who is talking about this concept or thing online?
  • What movies or TV shows focus on this element?
  • What products cater to people interested in this special thing?

Armed with a list, head over to Google and search for leads. Think of keywords that will likely pull up big sites. Add +blog or +forum or +club or whatever gathering place or group you think might exist. If you need help with figuring out search terms, try Soovle. It will start with your subject of interest and show you the most popular search terms used at Wikipedia, Bing, Yahoo!, YouTube, and more.

Screenshot of the main Soovle search screen, featuring logos from major search engines and other major sites.

Also, find books like yours, written by authors who you can possibly collaborate with in the future for marketing, and investigate how they connect with their audience and where. Chances are their readers are a good fit for your novel. If you need help finding books like yours, try Yasiv, which provides an image web of books Amazon users typically buy together. If your book is quite new and doesn’t have a lot of connections yet, find one like it and use that title as the reference point. Here’s one of mine so you can see how it works:

A screenshot of a diagram with lines connecting a central book to other books.

When looking for an audience, try also thinking beyond books. If “dragons in modern society” is your standout element, brainstorm what other businesses, artists, and organizations cater to this interest group (dragon lovers). Book promotion is great, but cross-promotion with a sister-industry can open up new audiences. In the case of dragons, there’s dragon fantasy art, dragon-themed merchandise (clothing, collectibles, games, etc.), movies, and TV shows—I even found a link to a dragon museum. And running an advanced search on Twitter shows people, hashtags, and groups that are actively talking about dragons.

Suddenly audience research gets a whole lot easier, doesn’t it?

Now Comes the Hard Part: Connection

Once you find potential audiences and influencers, you have to actively do something to reach them. And to be honest, this is the part where 80 percent of authors drop the ball. The reason is simple: connection takes time.

As we all know from the barrage of “buy my book!” promotions online, the direct sell doesn’t work. It’s white noise; we see so much of it in our Twitter and Facebook feeds, we just skip past it. And yet still authors do this spaghetti promotion day in and out because they’re looking for the shortcut solution to sales. All they’re really doing is wasting time—time that could be put into building a community.

Connection is simple: find like-minded people and start conversations. Ask questions. Comment, add value, entertain, discuss your common interest, share relevant links, and just be present and authentic. Choose the social media platforms, reading sites (like Goodreads), blogs, forums, and other communities where your audience hangs out and make it about them, not you. In other words, don’t treat them like your meal ticket. Get to know them. Show you care. Add to the community. Then, when a natural opportunity arises, share that you are an author, and when it sparks an interest, share your book.

With influencers, give first. Share their posts and links, work at raising their profile (and use their online handles on social media so they know). Leave comments and start conversations that show you are interested in helping them grow. Usually reciprocation happens naturally, and when the time is right, you can approach them about possible cross-promotion opportunities.

It really is that simple—and hard. It takes time, and a person has to be genuine. But ask anyone who is successful at this and she will tell you building a community that cares and invests in one another far outweighs costly ads, spaghetti promotion, or other tactics.

The logo of One Stop for Writers, a bookshelf inset into a Greek temple with columns and a triangular roof.The whole reason we write is to connect with people in a meaningful way, right? So, be yourself, enjoy the people you get to know, and trust the rest will follow.

You can visit Angela’s site, Writers Helping Writers, or check out her new project, One Stop for Writers, a library and brainstorming tool for authors.

If you’re interested in exploring this topic further, you might also enjoy this post: Finally, A Social Media Marketing Strategy That Puts You Right in Front of Your Target Market.

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Posted in Guest Post, Marketing & Promotion and tagged , , .

Angela Ackerman is a writing coach, international speaker, and co-author of the bestselling book, The Emotion Thesaurus: A Writer’s Guide to Character Expression, as well as five others. Her books are available in six languages, are sourced by US universities, and are used by novelists, screenwriters, editors, and psychologists around the world. Angela is also the co-founder of the popular site Writers Helping Writers, as well as One Stop for Writers, an innovative online library built to help writers elevate their storytelling. Find her on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.

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Terrific post, Angela! Thanks so much for all the tips. 🙂

Annie Hogsett

Wow, Jane and Angela. I always at least glance at the newsletter when it comes in and most of the articles pertain to my interests and needs in some way, but this one is a dead bullseye. Brilliant. It in myreading list AND bookmarked AND archived. I’m trying to resist printing it out “just to be sure.” A keeper. Obviously. Thanks so much.


Bran Lindy Ayres

This is excellent. I’ve been having a hard time figuring out how to market my current WIP and this has given me several ideas. Thank you very much. ^^

Bran Lindy Ayres

That is perfect! Thank you so much! ^_^

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Jeff Ezell

Awesome presentation of all the right stuff. Gotta try Sovle and Yasif, new to me. Thanks.


You can see from this post why Angela is the marketing arm of our partnership. She has such practical and realistic tips for connecting with a book’s audience. I especially love the Yasiv idea. Great ideas, Angela!


Thank you for the information. I am constantly trying to find the right audience for some of my unpublished creative nonfiction pieces. I’m going to take your advice and start commenting and interacting with other like-minded authors that are writing about similar topics.


Oh thank god! Confirmation that I should continue to connect where I feel authentic (and, in turn, I have found, inspired!) and forget all that other miserable spam-like crap! This is music to my ears. (Not that it’s entirely new; this is what I have gathered gently from Jane over the past few months. But it’s nice to be reminded and put sort of an exclamation point on it!) It’s also encouraging to feel validated regarding connection taking time. It’s hard not to stress about time not spent writing. Thank you! 🙂


Angela, this is awesome info and I can use the same method to find my ideal blog readers. Although, I’m surprised you didn’t include the 1000 True Fans theory by Kevin Kelly. It would tie in well with your small net analogy.

[…] How Authors Can Find Their Ideal Reading Audience (Jane Friedman) Today’s writers have never had a more global reach, as ebooks and digital distribution have made it easier for them to find readers in other countries as well as their own. Of course, the potential of a global readership only matters if an author knows how to access it, and this is where many marketing plans fall short. Given the endless buffet of books to choose from, it can be hard to get a book the attention it needs. […]

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Thanks, Angela! I have been wondering since republishing my horse-racing mysteries how any book could make itself visible in the flood of “buy this” I’ve been getting from some of the sites I’ve subscribed to. That’s why I haven’t “promoted” my books through any of those sites yet: they just didn’t make sense. I’ve taken baby steps in the direction you recommend by joining “horse” groups on Goodreads; I’ve started threads on adult horse books, since so many are YA and romance. This post opens many more options. I also appreciate being told that it’s okay if the process goes… Read more »

Wow that’s a wonderful post Angela! I am a novice writer, however there is so much wonderful advice here and great tips; I am certain this will be useful for me when I reach publishing stage. I shall ping back and take a peek at some of your other post too. Thanks again!

Cindy M. Jones

Hi Angela ? I received this post through Jane Friedman’s Electric speed newsletter. I do not have a book yet but I am an avid blogger and have a small business of providing content and personal bios. My friend, Natalie Cone, and I are working on our first novels, she is much farther along than I am but I have begun to do marketing now. I believe in laying a strong foundation before our books are published, (putting feet to my faith ?). This has been so very helpful! Thank you so much for taking the time to share your… Read more »

Marylee MacDonald

Terrific post, Angela. Thanks for the specific tips on how to search blogs and forums.

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Very detailed and helpful, Angela. Thanks! I learnt about Yasiv only recently and am yet to try Soovle. Great tips.

[…] Jane Friedman: More on ideal readers. […]

[…] Jane Friedman: More on ideal readers. […]

[…] How Authors Can Find Their Ideal Reading Audience (Angela Ackerman) […]

[…] posted about how to find your book’s ideal audience before, so I won’t wander down the same trail. Instead, I want to look at another piece of the […]

Mary R. Woldering

Great Articles and advice. I have tried many of the points on the list only to discover what I thought were great influencers were actually blind alleys. These people either stopped communicating with me or gave a little bit of advice, then astonished that their advice didn’t work, moved on. I’ve been through giveaways, social media blitzes, book fairs, fantasy conventions & blogs, a website with more giveaways, a YouTube reading, Kindle Unlimited, mystical venues, even told potential candidates that the stories are a bit like Game of Thrones meets Stargate meets X-Men etc. Most people buy my first book… Read more »

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[…] I thought I’d share two other articles that might also shed more light on looking at an audience as a writer. (Here and here). […]

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Thank you for such an amazing article!! It’s really helped clarify most of the big questions I had about finding my reader niche and building an audience. That being said, what if our subject matter doesn’t make it easy to build a connection with our readers? My book is about an abuse victim who takes her power back from her abuser and falls in love. I don’t want to be that author who joins a support group only to try and sell them my story. I feel like a fraud in this situation, because although I know people that have… Read more »


Angela, I cannot thank you enough for your advice. You are ABSOLUTELY correct – my main goal with writing this story is to bring it out of the shadows and show people that they are not defined by their past. I’m determined to get this book out there so people don’t feel so alone. What a fabulous idea to begin writing blog posts that support those that I hope to help heal!! If I can be a “link in the chain” (as you so eloquently described), then I will consider myself a success. Your response was a major turning point… Read more »

[…] adults? By researching online and offline, writers can explore what interests their audience. This article explains how to find your audience for your work by asking the right […]

Erin Lee

i want to be as confident and hopeful as everyone else in the comment section but I feel like I’m at my wit’s end lol. I am having a very difficult time figuring out how to succeed because of my genre. I write interracial romance and boy let me tell you readers are loyal but it is hard finding them. IR romance blogs are all but non-existent and traditional romance bloggers are very polite while saying no or they don’t respond at all. I simply don’t know what to do. My two books have nearly 90 reviews and have enjoyed… Read more »

Jane Friedman

Hi Erin – Glad you found this site! Here’s a question for you: can you identify a specific title or author that’s comparable to you – that your target readership already enjoys? Studying those titles and authors can be useful in researching your readership further (where they go to find out about new books, where they talk about them, etc).

Erika Berglund

Thank you so much for this. I just self-published my first book and have been stressing so much about promotion. I googled ‘how to get readers to know that your book exists’ and that’s how I found this article:) I am going to save this link and come back to it often.

LM Lacee

Hi Angela, what you say seems common sense but in this day and age actually being genuine and communication with people is scary… lol. Obviously you figured this out over time and sharing is a 10 in my books. Thank you again.


It was enjoyable reading your reply. I have been through much of what you say but being quite a bit older than my picture now I decided with the help of my husband to jump feet first and get all my books to market so to speak… i am running a 24 hour free eBook promo on the 15th and wonder if you think these are much good. I am not so sure but my hubby is dead set on them…

E'yen Gardner

Thank you. I needed to read this post today.

Ana Gibson

Super helpful

[…] conversations in a forum (either with other writers to network, or on focused topics that tie into your book’s audience) will put you together with only a few people at once, and the topic is focused. You can learn, […]

[…] Angela Ackerman wrote a great article: How to Find and Reach Influencers and Help Promote Your Book.  You can find it: […]